The Rise of Communism*

By Arturo Sampana

German philosopher and economist Karl Marx. Late 1870s. Reproduction image © SPUTNIK/ A. SVERDLOV

MANY varied secret societies were involved in the movement which eventually led to Communism. One of the earliest may have been the Carbonari, or charcoal burners, of Italy of the Middle Ages.

According to author Arkon Daraul, the Carbonari claimed to have begun in Scotland where they lived a free and communal life in the wild forests burning wood to make charcoal. They created a government consisting of three vendite, or lodges, for administration, legislation, and judicial matters.

The lodges were ruled by a High Lodge led by a Grand Master, who headed a form of primitive Masonry.

“Under the pretense of carrying their charcoal for sale, they introduced themselves into the villages, and bearing the name of real Carbonari they easily met their supporters and communicated their mutual plans,” wrote Daraul.

“They made themselves known to each other by signs, touches and words.”
The anti-cleric doctrine of the Carbonari, which became known as “Forest Masonry,” spread widely after initiating the French king, Francis I.

At one point members also filled Italy, they nearly dominated the country.

“In the early 1820s, they were more than just a power in the land,” wrote Daraul. “[They] boasted branches and sub-societies as far afield as Poland, France and Germany.”

He added, “The Bolsheviks and their theoreticians of the Communist persuasion are traced by many as offspring of the Charcoal-burners. …”

The anti-authoritarian socialism of the Carbonari, Illuminated Freemasonry, and other rationalist and humanist groups that grew during the Age of Enlightenment coalesced during the early nineteenth century, greatly aggravating the Roman Catholic church.

“In our day, if Masonry does not found Jacobite or other clubs, it originates and cherishes movements fully as satanic and as dangerous. Communism, just like Carbonism, is but a form of the illuminated Masonry of [Illuminati founder] Weishaupt,” warned Monsignor George Dillonin 1885.

One such movement was the International Working Men’s Association—better known as the First International—the direct forerunner to Communism, convened in London in 1864 and soon under the leadership of Karl Marx.

Marx was born in Trier, Germany, to Heinrich and Henrietta Marx, both descended from a long line of Jewish rabbis and hence undoubtedly familiar with the mystical traditions of the Torah and Cabala. To deter antisemitism, both Karl and his father were baptized in the Evangelical Established church. And both were greatly influenced by the humanism of the Age of Enlightenment.

Following his graduation from the University of Bonn, Marx enrolled in the University of Berlin in 1836 where he joined a secret society called the Doctor Club filled with devotees of Hegel and his philosophy. Although he had earlier expressed devout Christian ideals, Marx joined these Hegelians in moving from a belief that the Christian Gospels were “human fantasies arising from emotional needs” to outright atheism.

Some modern conspiracy writers even claim that Marx eventually became a Satanist. They point to his eventual criticism of Hegel as not material enough in his thinking, the antisocial societies in which he moved, and a work written by Marx as a student which stated, “If there is a Something which devours, I’ll leap within it, though I bring the world to ruins… that would be really living.”
Again the metaphysical views of both Marx and his detractors cannot be ignored.

In 1843 Marx married and moved to Paris, a hotbed of socialism and extremist groups known as communists. It was in Paris that Marx befriended Friedrich Engels, scion of a well-to-do English textile mill owner.

Marx and Engels both became confirmed communists and collaborated in writing a number of revolutionary pamphlets and books, the most famous being three volumes discussing capital, Das Kapital. Ironically, it was Engels—the capitalist’s son—who would financially subsidize Marx—the champion of the working class—most of his life.

Engels, also a devoted Hegelian, had been converted to socialist humanism by Moses Hess, called the “communist rabbi,” and by Robert Owen, a Utopian socialist and spiritualist openly hostile to traditional religion.

Marx and Engels eventually moved to Brussels and then on to London, where in 1847 they joined another secret society called the League of the Just, composed primarily of German emigrants, many of whom were thought to be escaped members of the outlawed Illuminati. The group soon changed its name to the Communist League and Marx along with Engels produced its famous proclamation, The Communist Manifesto.

Marx’s manifesto set forth the ten immediate steps to create an ideal communist state. They bear a striking resemblance to the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, suggesting some common origin. These steps include:

*abolition of private property
*a progressive or graduated income tax
*confiscation of all property of dissidents and emigrants
*creation of a monopolistic central bank with state capital to control credit
*centralization of all communication and transport state control over factories and farm production                                                                                                                                                     *state ownership of all capital and the creation of a deployable labor force
*combining agriculture with manufacturing industries and the gradual distribution of the population to blur the distinction between towns and rural country
*free public education to all children

This list was also remarkably similar to the steps for creating the ideal society proposed by the Bavarian Illuminati, strongly indicating a close connection between the two.

“In fact, the Internationale can hardly be viewed as anything but Illuminated Masonry in a new disguise,” commented author Still.

In 1848 Marx failed to incite a socialist revolution in Prussia and, after evading prison, returned to London. Personality clashes, petty bickering, and fractious fights over ideology prevented the Communist League from becoming an effective force. Militant factions chided Marx for being more concerned with speeches than revolutions, and he gradually withdrew into isolation which only ended with his attendance at the 1864 First International.

Marx’s life of struggle and poverty made a tremendous impact on world history by providing a philosophical platform for the modern secret societies based on the tenets of the older ones. He died of apparent lung abscesses on March 14, 1883, depressed over the suicides of his two daughters and just two months after the death of his wife.

It is clear that Communism did not spring spontaneously from poor, downtrodden masses of workers, but was the result of long-range schemes and intrigues by secret societies.

“There is no proletarian, not even Communist, movement that has not operated in the interests of money… and without the idealists among its leaders having the slightest suspicion of the fact,” wrote German philosopher Oswald Spengler, author of The Decline of the West.

(Culled From “Report from the Iron Mountain”)


* The opinion of this author is his alone. It is not necessarily the views of Beyond Deadlines.

Arturo Sampana
Art C. Sampana is a former correspondent of the Philippine Daily Inquirer. He is a writing fellow at the Likhaan: University of the Philippines Institute of Creative Writing. His works were published in the Wall Street Journal (Hong Kong and New York Editions), Philippine Daily Express, Inquirer, and Republika among others. He is currently a correspondent of The Manila Times, the country's oldest newspaper.

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