STARTING this year, the use of lead laden architectural, household and decorative paints will be outlawed after the three-year phase out period set by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources ended last Dec. 31. However, lead tainted paints with industrial applications still have three more years or until Dec. 31, 2019 before being banned nationwide.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Administrative Order 2013-24, signed by then Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje on December 23, 2013 and submitted to the Office of the National Administrative Register on January 8, 2014, lays the foundation for the country’s shift to lead-safe paints.
Section 4 of the said A.O. states that the “use of lead and lead compounds shall be strictly prohibited in paints with more than 90 parts per million (ppm) threshold limit beyond three years (2013-2016) for AHD applications and six years (2013-2019) for industrial applications.”
The country’s new lead paint regulation is also recognized internationally and is among the four case studies featured in the “Toolkit for Establishing Laws to Control the Use of Lead in Paint,” along with the policies of the European Union, Uruguay and USA. The toolkit is a product of Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint, which includes the DENR, Pacific Paint (Boysen) Philippines, Inc., and the EcoWaste Coalition among its partners.
Meanwhile, EcoWaste Coalition, a non-profit environment and public health watchdog, has lauded the completion of the three-year phase-out period for lead-containing architectural, household and decorative (AHD) paints last December 31, 2016 as a “victory for children’s health.”
“We welcome the national ban on lead-added AHD paints as their removal from trade and commerce would help reduce a major source of childhood lead exposure and result in healthier kids,” said Thony Dizon, EcoWaste Coalition’s Project Protect coordinator.
“We congratulate our paint manufacturers for taking steps to reformulate their AHD paint products in compliance with the government’s Chemical Control Order (CCO) for lead and its compounds. In fact, Boysen and Davies, the country’s top two paint makers have gone ‘lead-safe’ even before the 2016 deadline,” he noted.
A CCO is a policy issuance on “priority chemicals that the DENR determined to be regulated, phased-out or banned due to the serious risks they pose to public health, workplace and the environment.”
Dizon, at the same time, thanked the Philippine Association of Paint Manufacturers and their past and current officers for supporting the industry’s shift to more eco-friendly paints with no heavy metals and low volatile organic compounds.
“The policy is touted as a milestone in the country’s efforts to achieve sound management of chemicals and uphold the people’s rights to health and to a healthy environment,” Dizon said adding that “The Duterte administration will be remembered for enforcing the 2016 and 2019 phase-out deadlines for lead-containing paints.”
“We thank Secretary Gina Lopez and the entire DENR machinery, particularly the EMB, for ensuring that the phase-out targets are effectively enforced and complied with beginning January 2017,” he said.
According to the “National Report on Lead in New Enamel Household Paints” published in 2015 by the EcoWaste Coalition with IPEN (a global civil society network promoting safe chemicals policies and practices), “while lead exposure is also harmful to adults, lead exposure harms children at much lower levels, and the health effects are generally irreversible and can have a lifelong impact.”
“The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be, and children with nutritional deficiencies absorb ingested lead at an increased rate,” the report said.
“When a young child is exposed to lead, the harm to her or his nervous system makes it more likely that the child will have difficulties in school and engage in impulsive and violent behavior. Lead exposure in young children is also linked to increased rates of hyperactivity, inattentiveness, failure to graduate from high school, conduct disorder, juvenile delinquency, drug use and incarceration. Lead exposure impacts on children’s continue throughout life and have a long-term impact on a child’s work performance, and – on average – are related to decreased economic success,” the report further explained, citing various studies.
The World Health Organization has stated: “there is no known safe level of exposure to lead.”